Asteroid Deflection

Asteroid Deflection, Mitigation - Overview

4050 views December 26, 2015 asteroidday 30

Once a NEO has been identified and it has been calculated that it is probably or definitely going to impact the Earth, there are possibilities to prevent the impact.

The prevention of the impact is in all cases achieved by deflecting the NEO from its orbit so that it passes the Earth in front or behind instead of impacting.

In their 2010 report Defending Planet Earth: Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies, the US National Research Council (NRC) identified four broad mitigation options and classified them by NEO impactor diameter and the warning time available before impact.


Image by Tim Warchocki, Copyright © National Academy of Sciences from NRC report available at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12842.html

The borderlines between options are deliberately blurred, as there is a lot more that goes into making the final decision, however the general regions are interesting in the above graph. The principle finding, however, is that for small objects civil defence (evacuating specific areas) will be sufficient, and for large objects or a short warning time, a blast deflection of some kind will be required. In between, a kinetic impactor that imparts momentum onto the NEO could be employed, or a gravity tractor that pulls the NEO over a long period could be used if there is enough warning time.

For details of the various mitigation methods, see the sections:

Another breakdown of the various mitigation methods was presented by the NASA HQ 2006 Near-Earth Object Survey and Deflection Study, and is shown here.nasa_study_deflection_methods_653



This information was provided by NEOShield-2